Faith Questions

Session 5 - Troubling Church History

Session Activities

Aim: To dive into the ideas around troubling church history, to think about how we sensitively deal with them today, and how we see the goodness in amongst the challenge.

Leaders note: This session is best used as a follow-up to the ‘Purpose of the church’ session earlier in the resource. While each session can be used independently, they are best used together to give a well rounded view. As with that session, remember that there may be elements of this that may be challenging or uncomfortable for participants and so be sensitive when delivering them.


This session begins with the assumption that there are elements of church history to be troubled by. It is worth spending some time with the group to start with to find out if they agree, or if they think that actually the history of the church is generally positive.

To do this well, we want to give space for the group to be able to be open in what they think, and help members who may be less confident in sharing in a group setting. For this reason this next activity will be anonymised. Have each person take a couple of pieces of paper or card, and on one write ‘Positive’ and on the other ‘Negative’. Ask them to write on the Positive something they consider a high point of church history, and on the Negative something they consider a low point. Once they have done this, have them place the cards centrally, and you as the leader will pick them out.

Some questions to consider with the group as you look through them could be:

  1. Are there any ideas/events that repeat in either group?
  2. Are there any patterns to what is in one group and what is in the other?

Note: Make sure that the group understand that this is not the point to pick apart other people’s suggestions. People may be feeling vulnerable having taken a risk putting their ideas down, we want to make sure that they feel listened to and able to contribute in the rest of the session, rather than feeling like they are going to be shot down for any suggestion.


Watch the video above or download the video at the bottom of the page.


The aim of this activity is to show how the church has been a net-positive over it’s history, when looked at from the perspective of attitude shifts rather than at individual events.

To get the group thinking about this, have the Characteristics Cards (download from the bottom of the page) printed. You may need more than one set if you are working with a larger group. Have the cards cut out individually and either pass out one set per group, or have one set centrally. Using Side 1, have the group discuss whether the characteristic or value on the card is seen positively or negatively today. You might also decide to rank them from most to least positive.

Once you have done this, ask a person to take one card at a time, and read the text on the reverse. The idea is to introduce participants to these values having changes over time, and the way we think of them as good or bad shifting as well.

Once you have looked at the backs of all of the cards, and if your group has a good grasp of the ideas, then ask them if they can see the way that Christianity has influenced the way we think of these ideas over time.

Going Deeper

Where has this come from?

To help you think about this more deeply, and if your group are engaging well with the material so far, a good place to look for the foundations of this worldview are the creation stories of the different people groups.

To support this, below we have summarised Origin Stories from three ancient cultures: Hebrew, Greek, and Babylonian. Our aim in exploring these is not to start a conversation about the beginnings of the universe, but instead to think about what the people from these cultures thought about themselves.

Ask participants if the can pick out:

  • How the stories make them feel
  • What is the place that humans have in the story? Are they significant?
  • How might this affect they way people who grew up with these stories see each other?

Leaders Note: What we are trying to explore with this is that the Genesis creation story seems peaceful and methodical, with humans treated as significant partners. In contrast they are an afterthought in the Greek story, and slaves in the Babylonian. This underlying sense of humans as important to creation is why Christianity has had the effect over history that it has, with human life increasing in value and significance over time. Draw this out with the group so that they can draw the threads together.


As we come to the end of this session, there are some different areas you could focus your groups prayers;

  • You could focus on thanking God for the work of His Church in the world, and the slow and steady transformation that it has acted as a focus for.
  • You could focus on thinking about those areas where the church has not been what it should. Also, where it has focused on the wrong things, the wrong people or the wrong values. While we cannot take responsibility for these things ourselves but we can speak to God about how the church can make amends for these things, and how we can be part of its reconciliation in doing this.
  • You could focus on the difference your church could make to your area now, how as a community you can live out the values that Jesus taught and bring goodness, joy, and hope to the streets where you live

Next Session: Click Here

Session 5 Materials

Download Session Sheet

Download Session Video

Download: Characteristic Cards

Session 1
Why do we ask questions of our faith?
Asking questions of our faith is as old as our faith, and having questions doesn’t mean we don’t believe or can’t follow.
Session 2
Why is Jesus so important to Christians?
We all have our own beliefs about Jesus, why He matters, and why others might have other opinions about Him.
Session 3
What is the purpose of the church?
What is the purpose of the church? Where did it come from and what does it mean for us today?
Session 4
Why is there Suffering?
Explore Christian ideas as to why there is suffering in the world, and how we can stand against that suffering to bring parts of God’s Kingdom into the here and now.
Session 6
What do we do with the Bible?
How do we treat the Bible and encourage participants to have a more invitational approach when talking about the Bible?


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